UPDATE: Flambeau Mine: A “Model” Mine No More

January 11, 2013 By Barbara With

The Flambeau Mine (a Kennecott/Rio Tinto project) operated on the banks of the Flambeau River near Ladysmith, Wisconsin in the mid-1990s. This photo was taken in 1994 when the river flooded during heavy rains and came within 20 horizontal feet and 4 vertical feet of spilling into the mine pit.(Photo by Bob Olsgard of Sarona, WI, September 17, 1994)

The Flambeau Mine operated on the banks of the Flambeau River near Ladysmith, Wisconsin from 1993-1997. This photo was taken in 1994 when the river flooded during heavy rains and came within 20 horizontal feet and 4 vertical feet of spilling into the mine pit. Photo: Bob Olsgard, September 17, 1994)

[See update below] As the Wisconsin Republicans gear up to use their power of majority to force another corporate mining bill upon the state, the former Flambeau Mine in Ladysmith is turning out to be a tainted witness in an already bad jury trial.

Often cited by extreme mining advocates as a “model mine,” on July 24, 2012 Judge Barbara Crabb found Flambeau Mining Company guilty of 11 counts of contaminating the water of the nearby Flambeau River and its tributaries.

The court’s decision removes the Flambeau Mine’s status as an environmentally successful model. Current Wisconsin’s Mining Moratorium Law prohibits the mining of a sulfide ore body unless mine proponents can point to a mine that has been closed for at least 10 years without polluting the environment. According to one of the plaintiffs in the suit, Wisconsin Resource Protection Council, Flambeau Mining Company only began to address their pollution after the lawsuit was filed in January 2011.

In examining the history of the Flambeau Mine, however, a different kind of model is revealed. This is a model for how extreme mining advocates create a campaign of propaganda and misinformation to mislead the public on the benefits of mining and downplay the environmental dangers.

“Cartel” describes this consortium of power—public officials on all levels of government, media, and corporations that will profit from mining at all costs—with a formula to get their foot into the door of local communities, as well as changing the laws to suit the needs of the mining companies.

Back in the days of Flambeau, which operated between 1993 and 1997, the mining cartel behaved exactly as we are seeing today. This article from the March 25, 1991 Eau Claire Leader Telegram misleads the public on the economic impacts of a mine in Rusk County. This article from the Ladysmith News, October 31, 1991 reveals the same players of today’s mining battle—Wisconsin Manufacturers & Commerce—making the same claims to an economic prosperity for the region that never materialized.

In a study funded by WMC, UW School of Business professor Dr. Richard Green made the claim that the Flambeau Mine would reduce unemployment in Rusk County by at least 15%. Even back in 1991, WMC President Jim Hanley was misleading the public with these false claims that the mine would bring the “economic boost some of our counties need to ensure the future of our children.”

However, according to data received from Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development in 2002, Rusk County had the highest unemployment rate in the State during the years the mine operated (1993-1997). In fact, read the actual news reports through the years that revealed a rising unemployment rate while they were operating.


As far as Haney’s claim that he and his mining cartel could ensure the future of the children, figures show that children living in poverty actually went up slightly in Rusk County during the mining years, and that the county had the highest number of children living in poverty of all the counties affected by the mine.


Equally significant when looking at the health of a local economy is the annual per capita income. As much as the citizens of Rusk County were told over and over how much a mine would increase their economic prosperity, the county’s annual per capita income, relative to the other counties in the state, actually decreased during the years Flambeau operated.


Also, during the years the mine was in operation, Rusk County had the highest level of poverty of all the surrounding counties.


Lastly, the number of actual jobs was pathetically overstated. And since the Rusk County Board, under the leadership of Chairman Bernice Dukerschein, refused to appoint a citizens’ committee to investigate the contract and hiring practices of the mining company, the only figures available to the public were the unverified totals provided by Kennecott itself. According to Roscoe Churchill, co-author of The Buzzards Have Landed, The True Story of the Flambeau Mine, Kennecott employees had no unions, and one day he received a phone call:

I got a phone call one day from a heavy machinery operator who had been hired by Kennecott to work in the pit. When I picked up the phone, he said, “… I want you to know what’s going on over there.” And then he told me about how rough he was being treated by the mining company. His supervisors actually timed him with a stopwatch while he was operating his rig and kept yelling, “Hurry up! Hurry up!” I don’t know why this young miner felt compelled to tell me his story, but he did, and you can bet that I listened with great interest. He went on to say that working for Kennecott … he was making less than $14.00 per hour, as compared to construction jobs where he had made over $18.00. Before he got off the phone he said, “I won’t be there very long.” And sure enough he wasn’t. The mining company worked him so hard and paid him so little that he quit. 1


Extreme mining advocates are still misleading the public with claims that  thousands of new, high-paying jobs would be created by a mine in the Penokee Hills. Equally misleading are their claims that a 22-mile open-pit iron ore mine in the middle of the Bad River watershed will have no negative impact on the environment. If Flambeau Mine is a model for anything, it proves that these claims are decided false. Both economically and environmentally, Rusk County was damaged by the mine.

As Wisconsin considers changing the mining laws, let’s learn from our history. The truth should be valued over the same corporate rhetoric that has apparently plagued the State for years. Mines do not bring jobs or economic boosts. There are no examples of non-polluting mines, and once again Wisconsin is under attack from the corporate mining cartel that is flooding the media with misinformation and putting our resources at risk.

Contact your legislator in Madison and demand that they make no changes to the current mining law. Then educate your friends and neighbors on the Wisconsin mining cartel and urge them to take action.

1 Source: The Buzzards Have Landed The Real Story of the Flambeau Mine, Roscoe Churchill and Laura Gauger, ©2007 by Roscoe Churchill and Laura Furtman, Deer Tail Press. Reprinted with permission. See more on Flambeau Mine here.

DOWNLOAD FREE PDF OF CHAPTER 119 of The Buzzards Have Landed and read the full story: Did The Mine Help Rusk County’s Economy?

UPDATE: January 17, 2013 Another plaintiff in the Flambeau Mine suit and co-author of The Buzzards have Landed, Laura Gauger comments, “It was slightly inaccurate to say that FMC had not tried to address the pollution problems at the mine site prior to the filing of our Clean Water Act case in January 2011. They have made several attempts at remediation going back to November 2003. However, Flambeau Mining Company began addressing ongoing water pollution problems at the Flambeau Mine site only after citizens and tribal members started to raise concerns with the Wisconsin DNR over toxic levels of pollutants in a tributary of the Flambeau River into which the company was discharging contaminated runoff from the mine site on a routine basis. The company’s approach to mitigating the problem, however, was piecemeal and ineffective. That’s what led to the eventual filing of the Clean Water Act case in federal Court in January 2011.”

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3 Comments on “UPDATE: Flambeau Mine: A “Model” Mine No More”

  1. sancheqJames Richard Bailey January 19, 2013 at 8:31 am #

    I have been involved in coverage of the mining issue in northern Wisconsin since the 1980s. I covered the DNR hearings on the Flambeau Mine that were held in Ladysmith. Here is the article I wrote in 1991 on the eve of the mine’s ground breaking. https://www.facebook.com/groups/285643794789905/doc/302846283069656/

    It is excerpted from my blog “Namekagon Notebook”, which is at my website http://www.daveworld.biz/namekagon-notebook-by-james-bailey.html. Posts on the proposed Penokee Range iron mine occur on: 7/18/11, on 9/23/11, on 1/11/12, and on 3/13/12.

  2. sancheq January 19, 2013 at 8:36 am #

    I have been involved in coverage of the mining issue in northern Wisconsin since the 1980s. Here is an archived article that I wrote in 1991 on the eve of the Flambeau Mine’s ground breaking. https://www.facebook.com/groups/285643794789905/doc/302846283069656/
    It can be found in my blog at http://www.daveworld.biz/namekagon-notebook-by-james-bailey.html. Other posts on the topic can be found on 7/18/11, on 9/23/11, on 1/11/12 and on 3/13/12. Go to my site and scroll down for these posts by date. — jrb

  3. Richard Haas January 20, 2013 at 11:18 am #

    There should not be any mining done in Wisconsin – politicians and lobbyist should not be allowed to endanger our natural resources. Our Department of Natural Resources and environmentalist should be making these decisions.

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